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General Rules of MO Sovereign Immunity

Under Missouri tort law, government entities have sovereign immunity from lawsuits except for certain exceptions and the MO personal injury damages are capped per Missouri statute.

In order to sue a government entity in Missouri for injury or death in premise cases, the personal injury attorney, on behalf of the injured victim, must prove the dangerous condition exception to sovereign immunity. The Missouri personal injury lawsuit must plead and prove:

(1) that a dangerous condition existed on public property;
(2) the injury was a direct result of the dangerous condition;
(3) the dangerous condition created a foreseeable risk of harm;
(4) a public employee negligently created the condition or the public entity knew or should have known of the condition.

See State ex rel. Missouri Highway and Transp. Com'n v. Dierker, 961 SW 2d 58 (MO Banc 1998)

On top of the above conditions, public entities also benefit from a damages cap of $300,000 per Missouri Statute 537.610 - Torts and Actions for Damages